Every drug, whether a prescription from your doctor or sold over the counter (OTC), must be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Think about the fact that every prescription or OTC drug you have ever taken started out as an idea at a pharmaceutical company to help with a certain disease or treatment. Before the FDA will approve any medication, they mandate that pharmaceutical company go through a process called clinical research trials to prove that it is both safe and effective for whatever treatment it will be used for. Upstate Clinical Research is part of this process. This takes many years to complete and is done in many phases of research trials which will be detailed for you under Clinical Trial Phases.